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Employment Law

Texas is an Employment at Will State
Texas is an "employment at will" state.  That means that an employer may fire an employee for any reason as long as the reason does not violate a statute.  Unless you have a contract with your employer, you are an "at will" employee.  The only protections afforded to "at will" employees are derived from statutes.  Some of the statutes that protect employees are listed below:

State Protection Against Discrimination and Sexual Harassment
Texas Commission on Human Rights Act - Texas Labor Code, Chapter 21

§ 21.051. Discrimination by Employer   
An employer commits an unlawful employment practice if because of race, color, disability, religion, sex, national origin, or age the employer: 
(1) fails or refuses to hire an individual, discharges an individual, or discriminates in any other manner against an individual in connection with compensation or the terms, conditions, or privileges of employment; or 
(2) limits, segregates, or classifies an employee or applicant for employment in a manner that would deprive or tend to deprive an individual of any employment opportunity or adversely affect in any other manner the status of an employee. 
Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. 

§ 21.105. Discrimination Based on Disability 
A provision in this subchapter or Subchapter B referring to discrimination because of disability or on the basis of disability applies only to discrimination because of or on the basis of a physical or mental condition that does not impair an individual's ability to reasonably perform a job. 
Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. 

§ 21.106. Sex Discrimination 
(a) A provision in this chapter referring to discrimination because of sex or on the basis of sex includes discrimination because of or on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or a related medical condition. 
(b) A woman affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or a related medical condition shall be treated for all purposes related to employment, including receipt of a benefit under a fringe benefit program, in the same manner as another individual not affected but similar in the individual's ability or inability to work. 
Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 269, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1993. 

§ 451.001. Of the Texas Labor Code - Discrimination based on an Employee's Filing of a Workers' Compensation Claim.
A person may not discharge or in any other manner discriminate against an employee because the employee has:
(1) filed a workers' compensation claim in good faith;
(2) hired a lawyer to represent the employee in a claim;
(3) instituted or caused to be instituted in good faith a proceeding under Subtitle A; or
(4) testified or is about to testify in a proceeding under Subtitle A. (V.A.C.S. Art. 8307c, Sec. 1.)

If you believe you have been discriminated against contact the Texas Commission on Human Rights, which as of March 1, 2004 became the Texas Workforce  Commission  Civil Rights Division. They may be reached at (512) 437-3450 or toll free at (888) 452-4778 or visit their website at

In addition, you should also Contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission at (800) 669-4000 or visit their website at: